gold ore refractory

US4559209A - Leaching refractory gold ores - Google Patents

A method is disclosed for leaching a gold ore which is refractory due to the presence of sulphide minerals of arsenic and antimony. The ground ore is leached with cyanide in a pipe reactor at a pressure of between 5 and 8 MPa. The terminal pH value of the pulp is controlled to be 10 or less than 10.

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Refractory ore | chemistry | Britannica

Other articles where Refractory ore is discussed: gold processing: Extraction from refractory ores: Many gold-bearing ores and concentrates are not readily amenable to cyanidation, owing to the presence of substances that consume the cyanide reagent before it can dissolve the gold, preferentially adsorb the gold as it dissolves (a phenomenon called preg-robbing), or completely surround the…

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Numerical modeling & microwave roasting of refractory gold ore

The mathematical model was applied to two types of refractory gold ores viz. carbonaceous and sulfidic gold ores. The model was tested for three different power levels of 133, 298 and 531 kW/sq.m . The temperatures predicted by the model and the transient temperature plots which enable control of temperature are presented here.

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How to Make 24K Gold | Sciencing

24K gold is the highest purity of gold commercially sold. It has numerous industrial and investment uses, but the term 24K gold is most commonly associated with jewelry. Because gold is an element, it cannot really be made. However, gold can be refined to the 24K level. Gold found in nature, scrap gold …

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Photos of gold ores, quartz, telluride gold ore and gold ...

Also at Gold Hill, North Carolina and in Newfoundland. The third class of gold ore is auriferous lead ores. The percentage of lead is large and the gold content often small. They are refractory ores like the copper ores. By refractory ore is meant one that requires roasting before amalgamation will take place.

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Gold Ore

Gold Ore Hexate™ Refractory Gold Process The MACH REACTOR™ and its applications enjoys worldwide patent protection. Testing facilities utilizing a scaled down laboratory size reactor are available at both the SGS Laboratories and Mintek in South Africa and at ALS in Perth.

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pretreatment of refractory ores in gold leaching process congo

Processing technologies for gold-telluride ores | SpringerLink. This study deals with provided that gold is coarse enough to the alkaline sulfide leaching as an Gold ores are commonly classi- be physically and economically liber- alternative pretreatment method fied as free-milling and refractory for antimonial refractory gold and ated. ores based on the metallurgical per- silver bearing ores.

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Treatment of Refractory Gold Ores - XPS

Treatment of Refractory Gold Ores Extractive Metallurgy Once the cause has been identified, there are a number of alternatives for treating the ore. Firstly, the gold can be made more amenable to cyanidation by ultra-fine milling, followed by a hot atmospheric leach –the Albion Process.

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Process for treating refractory gold ores by roasting ...

Process for treating refractory gold ores by roasting under oxidizing conditions Article in Minerals and Metallurgical Processing 17(1):1-6 · February 2000 with 1,080 Reads How we measure 'reads'

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Gold mineral processing - Hatch Ltd

Refractory gold ore pretreatment Treatment of refractory gold ore (whole ore and flotation concentrates) has become more prominent since the 1980s, with many gold discoveries often including ores that are wholly or partially refractory. Refractory pre-treatment processes include pressure oxidation, biological oxidation and various forms of ...

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Gold recovery: Effect of ozonation on refractory gold ores ...

1 Gold recovery: Effect of ozonation on refractory gold ores prior to cyanidation TP. Mashifana,1* PL Phoko1,2 and F Bazhko2 1 University of Johannesburg, Department of Chemical Engineering, Doornfontein, South Africa 2MINTEK Hydrometallurgy Division, Randburg, South Africa Mineral processing of refractory gold ore is uneconomical through conventional processing

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Developments in Mineral Processing Ser.: Gold Ore ...

Processing of High-Silver Gold Ores 46. Recovery of Gold as By-Product from the Base-Metals Industries 47. Extraction of Gold from Platinum Group Metal Ores Refractory Ores 48. Refractory Sulfide Ores--Case Studies 49. Preg-Robbing Gold Ores 50. Double-Refractory Carbonaceous Sulfidic Gold Ores 51. Treatment of Gold-Telluride Ores 52.

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Recovery Refractory Resources - SGS

refractory gold ore is gold-containing ore that is resistant to recovery by direct cyanidation and carbon adsorption processes. More specifically, it is an ore that has a gold recovery rate of less than 80% when direct cyanidation is applied to it. Dr Chris Fleming, senior metallurgical consultant at …

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Leaching Guide of Refractory Gold Ore - cnlitereagent.com

1.What Is Refractory Gold Ore? With the development of beneficiation technology, the definition of refractory gold ore is changing. Generally speaking, refractory gold ore in leaching field is a kind of ore whose leaching rate of gold is less than 80% when …

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Diagnostic Leaching for Refractory Gold Ores

A diagnostic leach test can be very useful to qualitatively assess how gold occurs within the ore and the extent to which it may be refractory. Several different permutations of diagnostic leach tests depend on specific objectives, but they generally involve the sequential leaching of a gold ore sample with progressively stronger reagents, producing a qualitative assessment of the gold ...

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Refractory Ore Gold Process Description

A "refractory" gold ore is an ore that has ultra fine gold particles disseminated throughout its gold occluded minerals. These ores are naturally resistant to recovery by standard cyanidation and carbon adsorption processes. These refractory ores require pre-treatment in order for cyanidation to be effective in recovery of the gold.

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Transformation of the carbonaceous matter in double ...

Sulfides and carbonaceous matter in double refractory gold ore (DRGO) were bio-treated sequentially using an iron-oxidizing archaeon Acidianus brierleyi followed by lignin peroxidase-dominating crude enzymes released from the white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium to significantly improve gold recovery from 24% to 92%. Transformation of the carbonaceous matter in the sequential bio ...

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ALTA Gold 2012 E-Doc - Albion Process

Refractory gold ores are those that do not yield high gold recoveries in conventional cyanide-leaching circuits, even when the ore is finely ground. The cause of low gold recoveries can be either through the presence of naturally occurring 'preg robbing' carbonaceous materials or gold physically 'locked' in sulphide minerals. ...

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Gold processing - Mining and concentrating | Britannica

Extraction from refractory ores. Many gold-bearing ores and concentrates are not readily amenable to cyanidation, owing to the presence of substances that consume the cyanide reagent before it can dissolve the gold, preferentially adsorb the gold as it dissolves (a phenomenon called preg-robbing), or completely surround the gold particles in ...

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NIST - SRM Order Request System SRM 886 - Refractory Gold Ore

Apr 03, 2020· SRM 886 - Refractory Gold Ore Gold, Ore Refractory, Au, Carbon, ores, ASTM E-1915 - Certificate - MSDS - Table Add Material to Cart Certificate Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) Related Materials: 111.2 - Ores (powder form)

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Refractory Gold Ore Treatment Methods

At the plant of the Consolidated Murchison Co. in the Transvaal, South Africa, where a refractory high-antimony gold ore is being treated, flotation and cyanidation of the flotation concentrates and tailings are being practiced. The association of the antimony and gold is very intimate, and during 1946, while the antimony recovery amounted to ...

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Roasting and Refractory Gold Ore - Manhattan Gold & Silver

Jul 16, 2014· Luckily, the gold contained in refractory ores is not unsalvageable. Gold's resistance to oxidation is a critical point of most refining and extraction methods, and the roasting process is no exception. During roasting, refractory gold ore is treated with extremely hot air. This causes the sulfites to oxidize, separate from the ore, and ...

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Gold extraction - QueensMineDesignWiki

Refractory ores cannot attain sufficient extraction through conventional cyanidation techniques, and thus there are various alternative methods for extraction, depending on the refractoriness of the ore. Gold is locked into its host mineral due to any of the following factors from La Brooy et al. (1994).

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Atmospheric alkaline pre-oxidation of refractory sulphide ...

Four iron-sulphide-containing gold ores from the White Mountain mine in the Jilin Province, China were studied to examine the benefits of using oxidative treatment prior to conventional cyanidation to leach gold. This pre-treatment consisted of bubbling air into an ore/water mixture for eight hours while adding enough caustic sodium hydroxide to maintain a pH of 11 throughout the test. Three ...

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Pretreatment Process on Refractory Gold Ores with As

Gold ores are considered refractory if gold extractions from a conventional cyanidation process are less than 80% even after fine grinding. 1) Arsenic-bearing refractory gold ore has stones extremely difficult to deal with. In the stones, gold is locked up in arsenic mineral matrix as the form of microscopic or submicroscopic lattice.

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Refractory and Non-Refractory Ore - Gold Companies Explained

Refractory and Non-refractory are relative terms, and the degree to which any ore is amenable to cyanide extraction will range from near 0% through to near . Whether gold is refractory or non-refractory has a huge bearing on a potential mine's viability.

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(PDF) Cyanidation of Refractory Gold Ores: A Review

The degree of refractoriness has been classified based on the proportion of gold recovered (Table 1) (Marsden and House, 2009 The gold in refractory sulfide gold ores is surrounded by sulfide ...

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How to extract a refractory gold ore - Quora

1.What is refractory gold ore? With the development of beneficiation technology, the definition of refractory gold ore is changing. Generally speaking, refractory gold ore in leaching field is a kind of ore whose leaching rate of gold is less than...

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